1/6 Update Section: Due to my declining confidence in the NCDC records database, I decided to process all of the GHCN data for each station and sort the data from high to low and from low to high. The table is accurate and the 6 maps below the table represent the number of records in 2013 for 24 primary (mostly 1st order) stations across Alaska. In theory, it is a definitive list. The period of record mirrors the period of record that the NWS states in the daily climate summaries.
** Updated on 1/4/13 **
1/4 Update Section: I have come to the conclusion that the NCDC records database is of marginal utility – at least for Alaska. It is useful to display patterns but not to make comparisons from station to station.
Here is a table of the primary Alaska stations and the count of records in 2013 generated by downloading the complete station histories and ranking the temperatures and precipitation values by each day of the year. The rightmost columns give the number of partial and complete years in the database.